Severe Nuclear Accidents – Now What?
(30 April 2012) This report describes how severe nuclear reactor accidents happened even though the chance to occur is as rare as a European sighting a black swan before the 17th century. The report also urges the nuclear industry to take structured, focused and transparent efforts, as well as to mitigate the enormous consequences upon their unexpected arrivals, until alternative energy sources could be developed. [Download research paper]
Measuring Well-being in Cities – A Literature Review
(30 April 2012) Civic Exchange is working on creating a well-being index for Asian cities, that can harness the power of indices plus engage people on issues of civic importance. This report reviews a range of existing indices and guides us in developing our index that is based on what Asian urban residents identify as their priorities and needs, as well as combining objective and subjective components. [Download research paper]
Reducing Vessel Emissions – Science, Policy & Engagement in the HK-PRD Region
(30 April2012) This report describes the journey led to the creation of the Fair Winds Charter. It also explains the value of data and cross-disciplinary research in air quality and public health for developing a compelling case for policy change, and how the science and stakeholder engagement stimulated regulatory change. [Download research paper]
Sighting the Black Swan – the impossible becomes real!
The conventional wisdom in the global nuclear industry used to believe that a severe nuclear accident causing devastating consequences is improbable. Hence, among nuclear engineers and scientists, a “nuclear black swan” is an apt expression for a severe nuclear reactor accident with an extremely small likelihood of occurrence, an accident as rare as a European sighting a black swan before the 17th century. How rare is rare? Say, once in ten thousand years. These “black swan” accidents, although deemed unlikely, would cause colossal economic damage as well as enormous health and social consequences. And despite the very small odds calculated by numerous specialists from different technical disciplines in the nuclear industry over many years, three nuclear black swans did occur, which included Three Mile Island, Chernobyl, and Fukushima incidents. [More]